Water is a safe and effective alternative to sterile normal saline for wound irrigation prior to suturing: a prospective, double-blind, randomised, controlled clinical trial

by Eric Alan Weiss, George Oldham, Michelle Lin et al.
BMJ Open 2013;3:e001504

8 pp. 323 kB:
http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/3/1/e001504.full.pdf+html

The objective of the study was to determine if there is a significant difference in the infection rates of wounds irrigated with sterile normal saline (SS) versus tap water (TW), before primary wound closure. The authors conclude that there is no difference in the infection rate of wounds irrigated with either TW or SS solution, with a clinical trend towards fewer wound infections in the TW group, making it a safe and cost-effective alternative to SS for wound irrigation.

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