Consistently high estimates for the proportion of human exposure to malaria vector populations occurring indoors in rural Africa

by Bernadette Huho, Olivier Briët, Aklilu Seyoum et al.
Int. J. Epidemiol. (2013) 42 (1): 235-247

13 pp. 346 kB:
http://ije.oxfordjournals.org/content/42/1/235.full.pdf+html

Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) are highly effective tools for controlling malaria transmission in Africa because the vast majority of human exposure to Anopheles bites occurs indoors. These quantitative summaries of behavioural interactions between humans and mosquitoes constitute a remarkably consistent benchmark with which future observations of vector behaviour can be compared. Longitudinal monitoring of these quantities is vital to evaluate the effectiveness of ITNs and IRS and the need for complementary measures that target vectors outdoors.

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