by Gro EA Strøm, Christel G Haanshuus, Maulidi Fataki et al.
Malaria Journal 2013, 12:228 (3 July 2013)
As no clinical features clearly differentiate malaria from other febrile illnesses, and malaria diagnosis is challenged by often lacking laboratory equipment and expertise, overdiagnosis and overtreatment in children is common. The authors found that the current routine microscopy appears to result in overdiagnosis of malaria and, consequently, overuse of anti-malarials. Conversely, children with a false positive malaria diagnosis may die because they do not receive treatment for the true cause of their illness.