by Oriol Mitjà, Wendy Houinei, Penias Moses et al.
N Engl J Med 2015;372:703-10
8 pp. 554 kB:
Mass treatment with azithromycin is a central component of the new World Health Organization (WHO) strategy to eradicate yaws. In this study in a Papua New Guinean island on which yaws was endemic the authors found that the prevalence of active and latent yaws infection fell rapidly and substantially 12 months after high-coverage mass treatment with azithromycin, with the reduction perhaps aided by subsequent activities to identify and treat new cases of yaws. Their results support the WHO strategy for the eradication of yaws.