Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infection and Nutritional Status Among Urban Slum Children in Kenya

by Parminder S. Suchdev, Stephanie M. Davis, Monina Bartoces et al.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2014, Vol. 90 No. 2; pp. 299-305

7 pp. 474 kB
ttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/90/2/299.full.pdf+htmlcover

To evaluate the nutritional impact of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infection, the authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of 205 pre-school (PSC) and 487 school-aged children (SAC) randomly selected from the surveillance registry of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the Kibera slum in Kenya. They conclude that PSC are an important target group for deworming interventions, because they have a similar STH burden to SAC, and even low- to moderate-intensity STH infection in this group is associated with significant micronutrient deficiencies. In high population-density urban slums, the feasibility of reaching young children through community-based distribution is likely to be higher than in rural areas. This setting provides an opportunity to evaluate integrated deworming and micronutrient supplementation strategies in young children.

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