by Elham Seyedsayamdost
Commissioned by UNDP Independent Evaluation Office in contribution to their report “Evaluation of the Role of UNDP in Supporting National Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals,” 30 November 2014
This study reviews post-2005 national development strategies of fifty countries from diverse income groups, geographical locations, human development tiers, and ODA levels to assess the extent to which national plans have tailored the Millennium Development Goals to their local contexts. Reviewing Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) and non-PRSP national strategies, it presents a mixed picture. The encouraging finding is that thirty-two of the development plans under review have either adopted the MDGs as planning and monitoring tools or “localized” them in a meaningful way, using diverse adaptation strategies from changing the target date to setting additional goals, targets and indicators, all the way to integrating MDGs into subnational planning. On the other hand, all the countries that have not aligned their plans with the MDGs belong to the middle-income countries and are least dependent on ODA.