by Winnie Yip and Reem Hafez
World Health Organization, September 2015
The report applies a causal framework to synthesize lessons from ten case studies of various health system reforms which aimed to improve the efficiency in health systems of Burundi, Chile, China, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Ethiopia Mexico, the Republic of Korea, South Africa and Uruguay. The report summarizes the main forms of inefficiency, policy reforms undertaken to address these, and the results in each country. The authors derive key lessons learnt from these experiences and suggest promising future directions for improving efficiency in health systems.