Malaria Parasitemia Among Febrile Patients Seeking Clinical Care at an Outpatient Health Facility in an Urban Informal Settlement Area in Nairobi, Kenya

by Henry N. Njuguna, Joel M. Montgomery, Leonard Cosmas et al.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 94:122-127 – Published online November 23, 2015,

6 pp. 894 kB

Nairobi is considered a low-risk area for malaria transmission, but travel can influence transmission of malaria. The authors investigated the demographic characteristics and travel history of patients with documented fever and malaria in a study clinic in a population-based surveillance system over a 5-year period, January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011. Malaria parasitemia was frequently observed among febrile patients at a health facility in the urban slum of Kibera, Nairobi. The majority of patients had travelled to western Kenya. However, 34% reported no travel history, which raises the possibility of local malaria transmission in this densely populated, urban setting.

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