by Henry N. Njuguna, Joel M. Montgomery, Leonard Cosmas et al.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 94:122-127 – Published online November 23, 2015,
6 pp. 894 kB
Nairobi is considered a low-risk area for malaria transmission, but travel can influence transmission of malaria. The authors investigated the demographic characteristics and travel history of patients with documented fever and malaria in a study clinic in a population-based surveillance system over a 5-year period, January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011. Malaria parasitemia was frequently observed among febrile patients at a health facility in the urban slum of Kibera, Nairobi. The majority of patients had travelled to western Kenya. However, 34% reported no travel history, which raises the possibility of local malaria transmission in this densely populated, urban setting.