Etiologies of non-malaria febrile episodes in children under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa

by Francois Kiemde, René Spijker, Petra F. Mens et al.
Tropical Medicine & International Health,  2016 – Accepted Article (Accepted, unedited articles published online and citable.)

21 pp. 856 kB

To provide an overview of the most frequent etiologies found in febrile episodes of children under 5 from sub-Saharan Africa, Medline and Embase were searched for publications in English and French which were published between January 1990 and July 2015. The authors conclude that the high prevalence of treatable causes of non-malaria fever episodes requires a proper diagnosis of the origin of fever followed by an appropriate treatment, thereby reducing the under-5 mortality in sub-Saharan Africa and preventing the over-prescription of antibiotics and thus circumventing the rise of antibiotic resistance.

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