by Jean-Paul Chretien, Caitlin M. Rivers, Michael A. Johansson
PLoS Med 13(8): e1002109 – Published: August 16, 2016
The recent outbreaks caused by Ebola and Zika viruses highlighted the importance of medical and public health research in accelerating outbreak control and prompted calls for researchers to share data rapidly and widely during public health emergencies.Effective preparation for emergencies requires the routine practice of data sharing in scientific research. Ongoing research that does not directly relate to an emergency now may be critical for the next unpredictable outbreak. As part of emergency preparedness, the scientific community should support ongoing initiatives that address major obstacles to data sharing and should embrace open science practices in both emergency and nonemergency research.