by Jenny X Liu, Yevgeniy Goryakin, Akiko Maeda et al.
The World Bank, Health Nutrition and Population Global Practice Group, August 2016
In low- and middle-income countries, scaling essential health interventions to achieve health development targets is constrained by the lack of skilled health professionals to deliver services. This paper takes a labour market approach to project future health workforce demand based on an economic model that projects economic growth, demographics, and health coverage, and using health workforce data (1990-2013) for 165 countries from the World Health Organization’s Global Health Observatory. The demand projections are compared with the projected growth in health worker supply and health worker “needs” as estimated by the WHO to achieve essential health coverage.