by Alexandra Bilak, Gabriel Cardona-Fox, Justin Ginnetti et al.
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), 2016
Droughts combined with population growth, a lack of sustainable land and water management, natural disasters, political conflicts and tensions and other factors have resulted in massive population movements across Africa. Displacement in Africa is the result of a multitude of causes including struggles for political power, communal violence, disputes over land, floods, storms and other such natural hazards. More than half of the world’s fragile states are in sub-Saharan Africa, and some of these states have the largest numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs). Africa has more countries affected by displacement than any other continent or region, and was home to more than 15 million internally displaced persons in 2015.