Defining social inclusion of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities: An ecological model of social networks and community participation

by Stacy Clifford Simplican, Geraldine Leader, John Kosciulek et al.
Research in Developmental Disabilities, 38(2015)18–29

12 pp. 1.5 MB

Social inclusion is an important goal for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, families, service providers, and policymakers; however, the concept of social inclusion remains unclear, largely due to multiple and conflicting definitions in research and policy. The authors define social inclusion as the interaction between two major life domains: interpersonal relationships and community participation. They then propose an ecological model of social inclusion that includes individual, interpersonal, organizational, community, and socio-political factors.

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