by Elizabeth Pisani, Maarten Olivier Kok and Kharisma Nugroho
Health Policy Plan. (2016) – First published online: September 6, 2016
In 2013 Indonesia, the world’s fourth most populous country, declared that it would provide affordable health care for all its citizens within seven years. This crystallised an ambition first enshrined in law over five decades earlier, but never previously realised. This paper explores Indonesia’s journey towards universal health coverage (UHC) from independence to the launch of a comprehensive health insurance scheme in January 2014. The authors find that Indonesia’s path has been determined largely by domestic political concerns – different groups obtained access to healthcare as their socio-political importance grew.