by Elizabeth W. Wanja, Nickline Kuya, Collins Moranga et al.
Malaria Journal, 2016 15:456 – Published: 7 September 2016
Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) have provided an important tool to help implement the WHO recommended parasite-based malaria diagnosis in regions where expert microscopy is not available. One of the questions that must be answered when implementing RDTs is whether these tests are useful in a specific endemic region, as well as the most appropriate RDT to use. Data on the sensitivity and specificity of RDT test kits is important information to help guide test selection by national malaria control programmes. The authors conclude that the performance of the evaluated RDTs using field samples was moderate; hence they can significantly improve the quality of malaria case management in endemic regions in Kenya by ensuring appropriate treatment of malaria positive individuals and avoiding indiscriminate use of anti-malarial drugs for parasite negative patients.