Paediatric HIV testing beyond the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission: a systematic review and meta-analysis

by Jennifer Cohn, Katherine Whitehouse, Julia Tuttle et al.
The Lancet HIV 2016; 3: e473–81 – Published Online August 4, 2016

9 pp. 753 kB
http://www.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lanhiv/PIIS2352-3018(16)30050-9.pdfcov200h

Many HIV-positive children in low-income and middle-income countries remain undiagnosed. Although HIV testing in children at health facilities is recommended by WHO, it is not well implemented. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the case-finding benefit of HIV screening in children aged 0–5 years in low-income and middle-income countries. The authors conclude that universal testing might be the preferred approach since it did not have a substantially lower diagnostic yield than triggered testing.

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