by Birte Snilstveit, Jennifer Stevenson, Radhika Menon et al.
International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie), September 2016
Around 250 million children in low-and middle-income countries (L&MICs) cannot read, write or do basic maths. A range of different education interventions have been implemented to resolve what is being seen as a learning crisis. But do these interventions work? To answer this question, 3ie carried out the most comprehensive systematic review conducted to date on education effectiveness. Overall, the results demonstrate there are no ‘magic bullets’ to ensure high-quality education for all. However, there are several lessons that can be learned for improving future education programmes. Most education programmes typically improve either school participation or learning outcomes. They rarely improve both.