Risk Factors for Childhood Stunting in 137 Developing Countries: A Comparative Risk Assessment Analysis at Global, Regional, and Country Levels

by Goodarz Danaei, Kathryn G. Andrews, Christopher R. Sudfeld et al.
PLOS Medicine – Published: November 1, 2016

18 pp. 1.8 MB
http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article/asset?
id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002164.PDF
401b0c972f5ba2ae0c30f3b77daaa2bb52f70bd53a9b30f62076fac4e9632721

A large number of risk factors for stunting have been identified in epidemiological studies. However, the relative contribution of these risk factors to stunting has not been examined across countries. The authors conclude that fetal growth restriction (FGR) and unimproved sanitation are the leading risk factors for stunting in developing countries. Reducing the burden of stunting requires a paradigm shift from interventions focusing solely on children and infants to those that reach mothers and families and improve their living environment and nutrition.

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