by Cédric B Chesnais, Innocent Takougang, Marius Paguélé et al.
Lancet Infect Dis 2016 – Published Online October 21, 2016
The burden of loiasis has received limited attention and loiasis is still considered a benign condition. To assess whether loiasis bears any excess mortality, the authors did a retrospective cohort study in Cameroon. They conclude that high-grade L. loa microfilaraemia is associated with an increased mortality risk, suggesting that loiasis is not a benign condition and merits more attention because of its effect on onchocerciasis and lymphatic control strategies. Loiasis should be considered for inclusion in the WHO’s list of neglected tropical diseases.