Early Diagnosis of HIV Infection in Infants – One Caribbean and Six Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2011–2015

by Karidia Diallo, Andrea A. Kim, Shirley Lecher et al.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), November 25, 2016 / 65 (46); 1285–1290

6 pp. 177 kB

During 2011–2015, in one Caribbean and six sub-Saharan countries supported by the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, the number of tests for early infant diagnosis increased, and the HIV-positivity rate declined in all seven countries. However, the rate of HIV testing performed within 6 weeks of birth among HIV-exposed infants, as recommended by the World Health Organization, was <50% in five countries in 2015. Difficulties in specimen transport, long turnaround time and limitations in supply chain management were among the most commonly reported challenges to accessing services for early infant diagnosis.

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