by Claire Blacklock, Ekelechi MacPepple, Setor Kunutsor et al.
Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 47, Issue 4, December 2016. pp. 309–324
Paying for performance is a strategy to meet the unmet need for family planning in low and middle income countries; however, rigorous evidence on effectiveness is lacking. Scientific databases and grey literature were searched from 1994 to May 2016. Thirteen studies were included. Results were mixed for family planning outcome measures. Eight studies reported no impact on modern family planning use or prevalence. Secondary outcomes of equity, financial risk protection, satisfaction, quality, and service organization were mixed. Available evidence is inconclusive and limited by the scarcity of studies and by variation in intervention, study design, and outcome measures. Further studies are warranted.