Environmental Gradients and Health Inequalities in the Americas: Access to Water and Sanitation as Determinants of Health

by Oscar J. Mujica, Jordan Teague, Mariana Haeberer et al.
Pan American Health Organization, December 2016

60 pp. 3.8 MB
http://iris.paho.org/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/31404/9789275119136-eng.pdf?
sequence=3&isAllowed=y

This report shows that, while the Region of the Americas as a whole was on track to meet the targets of MDG 7 in water and sanitation, large, pervasive, and growing inequalities between and within countries remain hidden behind the regional averages. Tackling these environmentally determined health inequities should be the highest priority in the post-2015 development agenda: inequality is a growing threat to both global health governance and sustainability. The first step is to document, measure, and monitor these inequalities. This report could serve as a benchmark for assessing the impact of actions taken toward health equity under new and existing policies and comparing the results over time.

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