by Nathalie Charpak, Rejean Tessier, Juan G. Ruiz et al.
Pediatrics Vol. 139, Nr. 1, January 2017: e2 0162063
Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a multifaceted intervention for abstract preterm and low birth weight infants and their parents. Short- and mid-term benefits of KMC on survival, neurodevelopment, breastfeeding, and the quality of mother–infant bonding were documented in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted in Colombia from 1993 to 1996. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the persistence of these results in young adulthood. The authors conclude that KMC had significant, long-lasting social and behavioural protective effects 20 years after the intervention. Coverage with this efficient and scientifically based health care intervention should be extended to the 18 million infants born each year who are candidates for the method.