by Travis Yates, Jelena V. Allen, Myriam Leandre Joseph
Humanitarian Evidence Programme, Oxfam GB, February 2017
This evidence synthesis identifies, synthesizes and evaluates existing evidence of the impacts of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions in disease outbreaks in 51 humanitarian contexts in 19 low and middle-income countries (LMICs). WASH interventions are commonly implemented as part of emergency response activities (i.e. in response to disease outbreaks) in LMICs. WASH interventions are provided to large populations to reduce the risk of disease transmission in a variety of settings. This synthesis focuses on WASH interventions targeted at populations affected by cholera, Ebola virus disease, hepatitis E, hepatitis A, typhoid, acute watery diarrhoea and bacillary shigellosis.