by Victoria Simpkin, Laura Suhlrie, Alastair Wood et al.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, November 2016
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex issue of global concern. AMR is not simply a problem of medical science being beaten by nature; human action and perverse incentives play a major role in its development. The misuse of antibiotics in the medical, veterinary and agricultural sectors, which include the inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics, their overuse in the livestock sector, and insufficient hygiene practices in hospital, all contribute to the rise of AMR. OECD, with its distinctive cross-sectoral expertise and its global outreach, is placed in a unique position to help countries in tackling AMR.