Conditional and Unconditional Cash Transfers to Improve Use of Contraception in Low and Middle Income Countries: A Systematic Review

by M. E. Khan, Aastha Kant, Moazzam Ali et al.
Studies in Family Planning 47(4) – First published: 17 November 2016

13 pp. 123 kB

This systematic review synthesizes evidence on the impact of conditional and unconditional cash transfers (CCT and UCT) on contraception in low- and middle-income countries. Cash transfers were used for increasing school attendance or improving health and nutrition, but not directly for contraception. All studies treated contraceptive use or fertility only as unintended and indirect outcomes. The available evidence on impact of CCT and UCT on contraception is inconclusive due to the limited number of studies, varying outcome measures, and lack of intervention specifically for contraception.

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