by Gisèle Irène Claudine Mbemba, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Louise Hamelin-Brabant
Journal of Public Health in Africa 2016; Volume 7:565
Shortage of healthcare workers in rural and remote areas remains a growing concern both in developed and developing countries. This review aims to synthesize the significant factors impacting healthcare professionals’ recruitment and retention in rural and remote areas, and to identify those relevant for developing countries. While the main factors influencing recruitment and retention have been largely explored in the literature, the evidence on strategies to reduce the shortage of healthcare workers in rural area, particularly in developing countries, is low. Further research in this field is needed.