by Kayla McGowan
Women and Health Initiative, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, March 24, 2017
The causes of maternal death are shifting: Non-obstetric causes – including HIV-related conditions, infectious diseases such as tuberculosis (TB) and other pre-existing medical conditions – account for nearly a third of maternal deaths and a host of maternal newborn health complications. For example, the presence of TB during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum greatly increases the risk of premature birth, low birthweight, intrauterine growth retardation and perinatal death. Since women are most likely to develop TB during their reproductive years, drawing attention to TB in maternal and reproductive health research is critical.