by Marie Paule Kieny, Henk Bekedam, Delanyo Dovlo et al.
Bulletin of the World Health Organization; Perspectives, Article ID: BLT.17.187476
Achieving universal health coverage (UHC) is an important objective for all countries to attain equitable and sustainable health outcomes and improve the wellbeing of individuals and communities. Health system strengthening (HSS) is a means to progress toward UHC. A functioning health system is organized around the people, institutions and resources, which are mandated to improve, maintain or restore health of people to meet the health needs of a given population. Health system strengthening refers to significant and purposeful effort to improve the system’s performance. Strengthening is one way to ensure that the system’s performance embodies the intermediary objectives of most national health policies, plans and strategies – quality, equity, efficiency, accountability, resilience and sustainability.