by Clare I. R. Chandler, Emily L. Webb, Catherine Maiteki-Sebuguzi et al.
PLoS ONE 12(3): e0170998 – Published March 13, 2017
Rapid diagnostic tests for malaria (mRDTs) have been scaled-up widely across Africa. The PRIME study evaluated an intervention aiming to improve fever case management using mRDTs at public health centers in Uganda. The authors conclude that the PRIME intervention did not have the desired impact on inappropriate treatment of malaria for children under five. In this high transmission setting, use of mRDTs did not lead to the reductions in antimalarial prescribing seen elsewhere. Broader investment in health systems, including infrastructure and staffing, will be required to improve fever case management.