A Systematic Review: Costing and Financing of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) in Schools

by Shannon M. McGinnis, Thomas McKeon,, Richa Desai et al.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 442 – Published: 20 April 2017

28 pp. 1.3 MB
http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/14/4/442/pdf

Despite the success of recent efforts to increase access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) globally, approximately one-third of schools around the world still lack adequate WASH services. A lack of WASH in schools can lead to the spread of preventable disease and increase school absences, especially among women. Inadequate financing and budgeting has been named as a key barrier for integrating successful and sustainable WASH programs into school settings. For this reason, the purpose of this review is to describe the current knowledge around the costs of WASH components as well as financing models that could be applied to WASH in schools.

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