Cost-effectiveness analysis of malaria rapid diagnostic tests for appropriate treatment of malaria at the community level in Uganda

by Kristian S Hansen, Richard Ndyomugyenyi, Pascal Magnussen et al.
Health Policy Plan (2017) 32 (5): 676-689

14 pp. 560 kB

The present study was a cost-effectiveness analysis of the introduction of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDTs) performed by community health workers (CHWs) in two areas of moderate-to-high and low malaria transmission in rural Uganda. The use of mRDTs by CHWs improved the targeting of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACTs) to children with malaria and was likely to be considered a cost-effective intervention compared to a presumptive diagnosis in the moderate-to-high transmission area. In contrast to this, in the low transmission area with low attendance, RDT use by CHWs was not a low cost intervention.

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