by Luca Pellerano and Valentina Barca
Oxford Policy Management, January 2014
Created in the early 1990s in Latin America, Conditional Cash Transfer programmes (CCTs) are now at the forefront of the international policy debate as one of the most effective social interventions for tackling poverty in developing countries. However, if CCTs have been successful in achieving some of their desired objectives, have the conditionalities themselves played the central role in this achievement? This paper argues that cash transfers can condition behaviour through at least four different channels: conditioning on access, implicit conditioning, indirect conditioning and ‘explicit’ conditionality.