The US President’s Malaria Initiative and under-5 child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: A difference-in-differences analysis

by Aleksandra Jakubowski, Sally C. Stearns, Margaret E. Kruk et al.
PLoS Med 14(6): e1002319 – Published: June 13, 2017

20 pp. 1.4 MB
http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article/file?
id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002319&type=printable

Despite substantial financial contributions by the United States President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) since 2006, no studies have carefully assessed how this program may have affected important population-level health outcomes. The authors utilized multiple publicly available data sources to evaluate the association between introduction of PMI and child mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). They conclude that PMI may have significantly contributed to reducing the burden of malaria in SSA and reducing the number of child deaths in the region. Introduction of PMI was associated with increased coverage of malaria prevention technologies, which are important mechanisms through which child mortality can be reduced.

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