by Cheryl C Johnson, Caitlin Kennedy, Virginia Fonner et al.
Journal of the International AIDS Society 2017, 20:21594
HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a discreet and convenient way to reach people with HIV who do not know their status, including many who may not otherwise test. To inform World Health Organization (WHO) guidance, the authors assessed the effect of HIVST on uptake and frequency of testing, as well as identification of HIV-positive persons, linkage to care, social harm, and risk behaviour. The authors conclude that HIVST is associated with increased uptake and frequency of testing in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Such increases, particularly among those at risk who may not otherwise test, will likely identify more HIV-positive individuals as compared to standard testing services alone.