by Kate Rademacher, Chelsea Cooper, Moazzam Ali et al.
Abt Associates, EngenderHealth, FHI 360 et al., 2013
This brief focuses primarily on deliberate efforts to integrate family planning and immunization services, rather than on services offered at the same location coincidentally without intentional efforts to connect them. Services are considered deliberately integrated if policy requires it or if programs explicitly promote linkages. Family planning and immunization integration can refer to either “combined service provision,” when both services are offered on the same day and at the same location, or “single service provision plus referral,” when either family planning or immunization services are provided along with education, screening, or referrals for the other service. This brief also focuses on integrating the two services through routine immunization contacts rather than during immunization campaigns, which are not recommended as platforms for integrated services. Integrated service delivery may take place within both public and private sector facilities or through social franchise outlets.