The Global Health eLearning Center, November 2017
The past decade has witnessed tremendous global progress in reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT), the leading cause of HIV infection in children. Effective interventions exist to virtually eliminate MTCT during pregnancy, labour, delivery, and breastfeeding. Yet, MTCT remains a challenge; the majority of the estimated 150,000 new HIV infections in children in 2015 were from MTCT (UNAIDS 2016). This course presents an overview of a comprehensive approach to prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programming and essential interventions administered though the continuum of care – antenatal, intrapartum, post-partum, and infant care services. This course also explores key PMTCT-related issues and programming considerations.