Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 2018
The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 reported both a rise in the absolute number of people affected by chronic hunger since 2014 and an increase in the global prevalence of undernourishment since 2016. Conflict is the main factor behind this rise in hunger, often exacerbated by severe climate events, like the continued drought in the Horn of Africa. In light of the growing evidence of the impact of conflict on food security, in 2018, FAO is developing a deliberate focus on protracted crisis contexts, while continuing to respond to the other two major types of shocks – natural hazards and food chain crises. It is precisely those that are living in protracted crisis contexts that are most at risk of being left behind.