Category Archives: Essential Medicines

Oxford vaccine study highlights pick and mix approach to preclinical research

by Deborah Cohen BMJ 2018; 360 – Published 10 January 2018 9 pp. 1.2 MB http://www.bmj.com/content/bmj/360/bmj.j5845.full.pdf Researchers were disappointed when a clinical trial of a new tuberculosis vaccine failed to show benefit, but should it have gone ahead when animal … Continue reading

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Pilot Study of the Addition of Mass Treatment for Malaria to Existing School-Based Programs to Treat Neglected Tropical Diseases

by Lauren M. Cohee1, Moses Chilombe, Andrew Ngwira et al. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 98, Issue 1, Jan 2018, pp. 95-99 5 pp. 77 kB http://www.ajtmh.org/deliver/fulltext/14761645/98/1/tpmd170590.pdf? itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17- 0590&mimeType=pdf&containerItemId=content/journals/14761645 Malaria and neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), including … Continue reading

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Fake news and distrust of science could lead to global epidemics

by Heidi Larson and Peter Piot WIRED Magazine, January 2018 issue Read online at: http://www.wired.co.uk/article/how-fake-news-could-lead-to-epidemics Vaccines are one of the most important scientific inventions of all time, preventing millions of cases of disease every year and helping to consign once-deadly … Continue reading

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Artemether-Lumefantrine Versus Chloroquine for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Plasmodium knowlesi Malaria: An Open-Label Randomized Controlled Trial CAN KNOW

by Matthew J Grigg, Timothy William, Bridget E Barber et al. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 66, Issue 2, 6 January 2018 8 pp. 318 kB https://academic.oup.com/cid/article-pdf/66/2/229/23309416/cix779.pdf Plasmodium knowlesi is reported increasingly across Southeast Asia and is the most common cause … Continue reading

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Treatment of tuberculosis in complex emergencies in developing countries: a scoping review

by Geraldine Munn-Mace, Divya Parmar Health Policy and Planning, Published: 20 November 2017 11 pp. 314 kB https://academic.oup.com/heapol/advance-article- pdf/doi/10.1093/heapol/czx157/21864033/czx157.pdf Almost 172 million people live in complex emergencies globally resulting from political and/or economic instability. The provision and continuity of health … Continue reading

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Efficacy and safety of artesunate-mefloquine therapy for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria: systematic review and meta-analysis

by Henry Maia Peixoto, Paola Barbosa Marchesini, Maria Regina Fernandes de Oliveira Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 110, Issue 11, Published: 01 February 2017 11 p. 768 kB https://academic.oup.com/trstmh/article-pdf/110/11/626/10012529/trw077.pdf Due primarily to the presence … Continue reading

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Prescription/Non-prescription Medicine Misuse and Regulation – Time for a Modern, Fit for Purpose Approach

by Mayyada Wazaify and Jenny Scott Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine, 2017; 3(4):197-199 3 pp. 290 kB http://www.jppcm.org/sites/default/files/JPharPractCommMed_2017_3-197-170.pdf Considering the breadth of medicines available without a prescription and the spectrum of problems that can arise with medication use, … Continue reading

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Combating Antimicrobial Resistance: A One Health Approach to a Global Threat: Proceedings of a Workshop

Rapporteurs: Ceci Mundaca-Shah, V. Ayano Ogawa, and Anna Nicholson National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Health and Medicine Division; Board on Global Health; Forum on Microbial Threats, 2017 173 pp. 3.2 MB https://download.nap.edu/cart/download.cgi?record_id=24914 As of 2017, the emergence and … Continue reading

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Malaria Prevalence, Indoor Residual Spraying, and Insecticide Treated Net Usage in Sub-Saharan Africa

by Gabriel Picone, Robyn Kibler, and Bénédicte H. Apouey Journal of African Development (2017) 19:19–32 14 pp. 214 kB http://www.jadafea.com/wp- content/uploads/2017/09/JAD_19n2_Fall_2017_2.pdf This paper examines the extent to which bed net usage is responsive to changes in malaria prevalence and whether … Continue reading

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Tool Box for Policy Coherence in Access to Medicines and Local Pharmaceutical Production

by Christoph Spennemann, Ermias Biadgleng, James Zhan et al. Joint publication by the GIZ Global Project “Access to Medicines” and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), 2017 67 pp. 2.0 MB http://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/diaepcb2017d2_en.pdf Done rightly, local pharmaceutical manufacturing … Continue reading

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