UHC and SDG Country Profiles 2018

World Health Organization, Western Pacific Region, 2018

104 pp. 4.5 MB
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/272304/UHC-SDG-country-profiles-
2018-eng.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Monitoring progress in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and universal health coverage (UHC) is a priority in the Western Pacific Region. This country profiles aim to assist the respective country-led SDG and UHC monitoring process. Specifically, it will explore the current SDG/UHC situation, guide and direct discussion on possible areas (and population groups) where performance may be low, and foster policy dialogues.

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Focus on Global Health Security

The Global Fund, May 2018

4 pp. 1.1 MB
https://www.theglobalfund.org/media/7318/publication_globalhealthsecurity_focuson_en.pdf

Microbes do not stop at national borders, so an infectious disease threat anywhere is a threat everywhere. Making our world safer from epidemics means strengthening the capacity of countries to prevent, detect and respond effectively to current and emerging health threats. With a mandate to end HIV, TB and malaria as epidemics, the Global Fund partnership plays a leading role in saving lives, preventing infections and fighting drug resistance for these diseases. Through investments on surveillance and laboratory capacity, training of health-care workers, supply chains and data gathering, the Global Fund is helping countries build resilient and sustainable systems for health to respond to the next infectious disease outbreak.

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Social norms and adolescents’ sexual health: an introduction for practitioners working in low and mid-income African countries

by Beniamino Cislaghi and Holly Shakya
Afr J Reprod Health 2018; 22[1]: 38-46 (Registration required)

9 pp. 559 kB
https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajrh/article/download/169835/159276

Donors, practitioners and scholars are increasingly interested in harnessing the potential of social norms theory to improve adolescents‘ sexual and reproductive health outcomes. However, social norms theory is multifaceted, and its application in field interventions is complex. An introduction to social norms that will be beneficial for those who intend to integrate a social norms perspective in their work to improve adolescents‘ sexual health in Africa is presented. Conclusions call for further research and action to understand how norms affecting adolescents‘ sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) can be changed in sub-Saharan Africa.

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World Health Statistics 2018: Monitoring health for the SDGs, sustainable development goals

World Health Organization 2018

100 pp. 4.3 MB
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/272596/9789241565585-eng.pdf?ua=1

The World Health Statistics series is WHO’s annual snapshot of the state of the world’s health. This 2018 edition contains the latest available data for 36 health-related Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicators. It also links to the three SDG-aligned strategic priorities of the WHO’s 13th General Programme of Work: achieving universal health coverage, addressing health emergencies and promoting healthier populations.

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Using Technology to Advance Global Health: Proceedings of a Workshop

by Rachel M. Taylor and Joe Alper, Rapporteurs
Forum on Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health and Safety, 2018

96 pp. 1.7 MB
https://download.nap.edu/cart/download.cgi?record_id=24882

To explore how the use of technology can facilitate progress toward globally recognized health priorities, the Forum on Public–Private Partnerships for Global Health and Safety organized a public workshop. Participants identified and explored the major challenges and opportunities for developing and implementing digital health strategies within the global, country, and local context, and framed the case for cross-sector and cross-industry collaboration, engagement, and investment in digital health strategies. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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Organization and financing of public health services in Europe: country reports

by Bernd Rechel, Anna Maresso, Anna Sagan et al.
European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, 2018

148 pp. 3.0 MB
http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/370946/public-health-
services.pdf?ua=1

What are “public health services”? Countries across Europe understand what they are, or what they should include, differently. This study describes the experiences of nine countries, detailing the ways they have opted to organize and finance public health services and train and employ their public health workforce. It covers England, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Sweden, Poland and the Republic of Moldova, and aims to give insights into current practice that will support decision-makers in their efforts to strengthen public health capacities and services.

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Mainstreaming Youth-Friendly Sexual and Reproductive Health Services in the Public Sector in Mozambique and Tanzania

by Estrella Alcalde, Katia Amado, Claire Cole et al.
Pathfinder International Technical Brief, May 2017

12 pp. 1.6 MB
http://www.population.gov.za/index.php/documents/send/173-youth-friendly-
services/817-mainstreaming-youth-friendly-sexual-reproductive-health-services-in-the-
public-sector-in-mozambique-tanzania

Emerging global guidance suggests that, to reach youth in a sustainable and scalable way, youth-friendly services must be mainstreamed in the community and health systems. However, there is little evidence from project implementation about how to integrate youth-friendly services on a large scale. This technical brief explores how youth-friendly services were mainstreamed within public sector facilities and communities supported by Pathfinder International’s cross-country project, MAIS Qualidade, Acesso, Saúde in Mozambique, and Chaguo la Maisha in Tanzania (January 2015 to December 2017), and offers recommendations for future youth-friendly services programming.

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Saving lives, spending less: A strategic response to noncommunicable diseases

by Virginia Arnold, Melanie Bertram, Suvi Härmälä et al.
World Health Organization, 2018

20 pp. 3.8 MB
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/272534/WHO-NMH-NVI-18.8-
eng.pdf?ua=1

The publication reveals, for the first time, the financing needs and returns on investment of the WHO cost-effective and feasible “Best Buy” policies to protect people from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), the world’s leading causes of ill health and death. It shows that for every US$ 1 invested in scaling up interventions to address NCDs in low- and lower-middle-income countries, there will be a return to society of at least US$ 7 in increased employment, productivity and longer life. If all countries use these interventions, the world would move significantly closer to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 3.4 to reduce premature death from NCDs by one-third by 2030.

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World Health Organization Model List of Essential In Vitro Diagnostics

First edition (2018) – Executive summary

36 pp. 1.1 MB
http://www.who.int/medical_devices/diagnostics/EDL_ExecutiveSummary_15may.pdf

Today, many people are unable to get tested for diseases because they cannot access diagnostic services. Many are incorrectly diagnosed. As a result, they do not receive the treatment they need and, in some cases, may actually receive the wrong treatment. To address this gap, WHO published its first Essential Diagnostics List, a catalogue of the tests needed to diagnose the most common conditions as well as a number of global priority diseases.

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World Food Assistance 2018: Preventing Food Crises

by Valerie Guarnieri, Stanlake Samkange, Steven Were Omamo et al.
World Food Programme, May 2018

56 pp. 3.3 MB
https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/WFP-0000070719.pdf

Chronic hunger is increasing around the world and food crises are spreading and intensifying. This new report by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) examines these crises, asking what causes them to break out, what determines their scale and how they might be prevented. Among the most telling findings of the report is the huge amount of money in food assistance costs that could be saved by the taking of preventative action. An end to violent conflict – one of the main drivers of hunger – could reduce food assistance costs by up to 50 percent per annum.

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